|From its commencement the University required intending students to have passed the Matriculation Examination, to have attained a certain age, and to sign their name in the University Roll Book or Matriculation Book and make a declaration that they would obey the Statutes and Regulations of the University. It was this act by the student, and not merely passing the Matriculation Examination, which was known as "matriculation". From 1905 students qualified to matriculate by passing the Junior or Senior Public Examinations (or a combination of the two); and from 1917 by passing in School Leaving subjects. The Matriculation Examination returned in 1944.
The administration of student admissions was initially the responsibility of the University Registrar, a position which was created in 1853. Responsibility in the twentieth century remained in the Office of the Registrar and the Schools Board convened by the University and administered by its Public Examinations Branch. This Branch of the University administered Public Examinations until the Victorian Universities and Schools Examination Board was formed in 1964 following an agreement between the University of Melbourne and Monash University and later, La Trobe University to institute uniform examination requirements for entrance to Victorian universities. The Board's functions were to determine subjects and conditions of examination, and generally direct in all matters relating to the conduct of examinations. VUSEB existed until 1979, when responsibility for the Victorian Certificate of Education passed to the Victorian Institute of Secondary Education.